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daatha (dhaatha). Giver, bestower, Earth.

Dadhichi (Dhadheechi). Great hero, who gave up his bones to Indra to form a thunderbolt for killing a demon leader.

Dadhimukha (Dhadhimukha). Monkey brother-in-law of Sugriva.

Daitya (Dhaithya). Descendent of Diti; a demon (asura).

Daiva (Dhaiva). Divinity, God.

daiva-amsa (dhaiva-amsha). Divine part or aspect.

Daivam (Dhaivam). Godhead.

daiva-samaana (dhaiva-samaana). Equal to a God.

Daivasandhi (Dhaivasandhi). Son of Susandhi and father of the famous Bharatha.

daivi (dhaivi). Godly, divine.

daivi-sampath (dhaivi-sampath). Divine wealth, divine qualities.

daivi-sampathi (dhaivi-sampatthi). Divine attributes, divine nature.

dakshina (dhakshina). Fee, offering.

dakshina-ayana (dhakshina-ayana). Southward path of the sun.

dakshinagni (dhakshinaagni). Southern fire of altar.

dama (dhama). Control of the outer senses.

Damayanthi (Dhamayanthee). Wife of King Nala of Nishada, who lost his kingdom at dice.

dambha (dhambha). Hypocrisy.

dana (dhaana). Also danam. Charity, giving.

danava (dhaanava). Class of demons, daityas, or asuras; enemies of the Gods (devas). Children of Dhanu and Kasyapa.

danava-manava (danava-maanava). Demonic human.

danda (dhanda). Stick, rod of punishment.

Danda (Dhanda). The son of Ikshvaku. Ikshvaku gave Danda the country between the Himalaya and Vindhya mountains.

danda-chakra (dhanda-chakra). Discus-like weapon.

Dandaka Forest (Dhandaka Forest). Country between the mountains Himalaya and Vindhya. When King Danda violated a maiden, the country was destroyed by her sage father and was known as Dandaka Forest thereafter.

Dandakaranya (Dhandakaaranya). The Dandaka Forest.

dandaneethi. Knowledge of administration of justice.

Dantavakra (Dhanthavakra). The rebirth of Vijaya, doorkeeper of Vishnu, as a demonic king; was killed in battle by Krishna and returned to Vishnu's abode.

danthin (dhaanthin). Self-restrained person, ascetic.

daridra-narayana (dhaaridhra-naaraayana). God as poverty.

darpa (dharpa). Conceit.

darsana (dharshana). Any of the six principal systems of ancient Indian philosophy; insight or vision of truth.

darshan (dharshan). Sight of a holy person.

Daruka (Dhaaruka). Charioteer of Lord Krishna.

dasa (dhaasa). Servant.

Dasara (Dhashara). Festival that celebrates the victory of forces of good over forces that resist man's progress toward light.

Dasaratha (Dhasharatha). Son of Aja and father of Rama; King of Ayodhya; the name means "ten chariot hero".

dasen-driyas (dhashen-dhriyas). The ten organs (of action and perception).

datta (dhattha). Granted, gifted.

Dattatreya (Dhatthaathreya). Sage son of Athri and Anasuya.

daya (dhayaa). Compassion, sympathy.

dayamaya (dhayaamaya). Full of compassion.

dayya (dhayya). Devil.

Deccan. The peninsula of India south of the Narmada river.

deeksha (dheekshaa). Dedication, initiation, consecration.

deepyathi (dheepyathi). Illumine.

deha (dheha). Body.

dehatma (dhehaathma). Body consciousness; exterior "I'.

deha-bhranthi (dheha-bhraanthi). Mistaken identification of self with the body, body delusion.

deha-dharma (dheha-dharma). Duties related to the body.

deha-drishti (dheha-dhrishti). Body's vision.

deha-sanyasa (dheha-sanyaasa). Outward renunciation.

deha-sthithi (dheha-sthithi). Body-awareness, addiction to the body.

deha-thathwa (dheha-thatthva). Body principle.

dehi (dhehi). One who has a body; conscious embodied Self.

desa (dhesha). Region, space, country.

deva (dheva). Deity, celestial being, god.

deva-datta (dheva-dhattha). Vital air that causes yawning.

Devahuthi (Dhevahuuthee). Daughter of Swayambhuva Manu, wife of Kardhama Prajapathi, and mother of sage Kapila.

Devaka (Dhevaka). Son of Ahuka and father of Devaki.

Devakantaka (Dhevakantaka). Mighty warrior of Ravana.

Devaki (Dhevakee). Mother of Krishna.

deva-loka (dheva-loka). World of the gods.

deva-mandir (dheva-mandhir). Temple of God.

Devamedha (Dhevamedha). Son of Kirthiratha and father of Vibudha.

devamsa-sambuthas (dhevaamsha-sambhuuthas). People who represent a divine aspect; partial incarnations of divinity.

deva-puja (dheva-puuja). Worship of God.

Devaratha (Dhevaraatha). Emperor in the Ikshvaku dynasty of ancient Mithila. Son of Sukethu and father of Brihadratha.

Devatha (Dhevatha). God.

devathaatma (dhevathaathma). Having a divine soul.

devatha-jnana (dhevatha-jnaana). Knowledge of the gods.

Deva-vaak (Dheva-vaak). Word of God.

Deva-vaani (Dheva-vaani). Voice of God.

deva-yana (dheva-yaana). Path of light or of the gods, taken by virtuous people after death.

Devendra (Dhevendhra). Name given to the Lord of the gods (devas); Indra or Siva.

devi (dhevee). Goddess.

Devi (Dhevee). Personification of the feminine principle; Goddess of the universe.

Devi Bhagavatham (Dhevee Bhaagavatham). The story of the glory of Universal Divine Mother. One of the Puranas.

Devi Kamadha (Dhevee Kaamadha). Goddess granting desires.

dhaama. Rope, garland.

dhaantha. A person who is self-controlled.

dhadhi. Buttermilk.

Dhadhi. Sea of Buttermilk.

dhairya. Courage.

dhakshina. Fee, offering.

dhana. Wealth, possessions, superior attractions.

dhananjaya. Vital air that fills the body and causes it to grow fat.

Dhananjaya. Name for Arjuna, given to him for providing enormous wealth for the Rajasuya Yaga (sacrifice) performed by his elder brother Dharmaja.

dhanur-dhaari. Archer, bearer of a bow.

Dhanvantari (Dhanvanthari). Preceptor in ayur-veda. Classical Indian medical knowledge is called ayur-veda (science of health and long life). Its two chief traditions are those of Atreya and Dhanvantari.

Dhara (Dharaa). Wife of a vasu (the vasus were a class of gods whose chief was Indra).

dharana (dhaarana). Concentration, fixed attention, one of eight steps in Patanjali's yoga discipline.

dharani (dharanee). Earth element.

dharma. Right action, truth in action, righteousness, morality, virtue, duty, the dictates of God, code of conduct. Dharma defies a simple translation into English.

dharma-ashtakas (-ashthakas). The eightfold dharmas or virtuous actions.

dharma-atma (-aathma). Embodiment of justice.

dharma-chakra. Weapon of justice.

dharma-devatha (-dhevatha). Deity of justice.

Dharmaja. Also Yudhistira. Eldest of the Pandavas. Born to Kunthi by the grace of Yama Dharmaraja, Lord of Death. Named for adherence to dharma. See Mahabharatha.

dharma-karma. Act of duty, virtuous action.

dharma-kartha. Person in charge of a temple.

dharma-kshetra (-kshethra). Abode or field of righteousness.

Dharma-kshetra (-kshethra). Battlefield where the Mahabharatha war was fought between Pandavas and Kauravas. See Mahabharatha.

dharma-narayana (-naaraayana). Personification of dharma.

dharma-pathni (-pathnee). Lawful wife.

dharma-purusha. Moral individual.

Dharmaraja (Dharmaraaja). Name for Yudhistira, eldest of the five Pandava brothers; also, a name for Yama, God of death.

dharma-rakshana. Protection of dharma.

Dharmaranya (Dharmaaranya). City built by Brahma's grandson Asurtharajasa.

dharma-samsthapana (-samsthaapana). Firm establishment of dharma.

Dharma Sastras (Shaasthras). Codes of law and ethics concerning virtuous living.

dharma-sikshana (-shikshana). Instruction in dharma.

dharma-sthapana (-sthaapana). Establishment of dharma.

dharma-sutras (-suuthras). Texts consisting of rules on dharma.

dharma-swarupa (-svaruupa). Embodiment of dharma.

dharma-vratha. Strict adherence to the vow to be righteous in word, thought, and deed.

Dharmavyadha (Dharmavyaadha). Hunter who became a sage.

dharmic (dhaarmik). According to dharma, righteous.

dharmoddharana. The raising of dharma.

dharmya-amritham. Dharmic way to immortality.

dhee. Intelligence.

dheera. Steadfast, courageous, wise person.

Dhenuka. Fierce giant with the body of a donkey; beaten to death by Krishna and Balarama.

dhenu-vratha. Ritual of cow worship.

dhosha. Fault, crime, sin, offense, evil.

dhothi. Cloth worn around the waist; skirt.

dhrik. Vision, seer or perception.

Dhrishtadyumna (Dhrishthadhyumna). Droupadi's brother.

Dhrishtakethu. Son of Sudrithi and father of Haryasva.

Dhritharashtra (Dhritharaashthra). Father of Kauravas; holder of ruling power.

dhrithi. Steadfast determination, courage.

dhuma (dhuuma). Smoke.

dhuma-adi-marga (dhuuma-aadhi-maarga). Smoke-filled path of the Manes; opaque path, as distinguished from the path of light.

Dhumakethu (Dhuumakethu). One of Ravana's messengers. Also, a name for Agni, the God of Fire (with the 'flag' of smoke).

Dhumraksha (Dhuumraaksha). General in Ravana's army.

Dhundhumara (Dhundhumaara). Son of Trisanku and father of Yuvanaswa.

dhurbhiksha. Distress, want, dearth, famine.

Dhurdhara. A monkey in Rama's army.

dhush-karma. Bad actions.

dhussanga. Evil company.

dhyana (dhyaana). Meditation.

dhyana-marga (dhyaana-maarga). Path of meditation.

dhyana-rupa (dhyaana-ruupa). Form of meditation.

dhyana-yoga (dhyaana-yoga). Yoga of meditation.

dhyani (dhyaani). Meditator.

Dilipa (Dhileepa). Son of Amsumanta. He became king of the solar dynasty and offered his life to a lion who was about to kill the sacred cow Nandini.

Diti (Dhithi). Daughter of Dhaksha; wife of Kasyapa.

divi (dhivi). Heaven; divine light.

divya-chakshu (dhivya-chakshu). Divine eye.

divya-thwam (dhivya-thvam). Divine nature.

Divyatma (Dhivyaathma). Divine Atma; Universal Absolute.

drashta (dhrashta). See-er; visionary.

drashtum (dhrashtum). Visualising.

dravya (dhravya). Material, matter, thing.

dravya-yajna (dhravya-yajna). Ritual sacrifice involving material objects.

drishti (dhrishti). Vision, seeing, intelligence.

drisya (dhrishya). That which is perceived by the senses; the seen.

Drona (Dhrona). Teacher of archery and war tactics for the Pandavas and Kauravas.

Drona (Dhrona) Mountain. Himalaya mountain where Hanuman went, to Sanjivi hill, to get a life-saving drug for Lakshmana.

Dronacharya (Dhronaachaarya). Drona, the teacher.

Droupadi (Dhraupadhee). Wife of Pandavas. See Mahabharatha.

Drupada (Dhrupadha). King of Panchala (Punjab) and father of Droupadi.

Druva (Dhruva). Grandson of Brahma and son of Uttanapadha; as a child, he performed severe penance and attained self-renunciation.

dukha (dhukha). Grief, sorrow, misery, pain.

dukha nivritti (dhukha nivritthi). Absence of grief.

Dumraswa (Dhuumraashva). King of Ikshvaku dynasty; father of Sanjaya.

Dundubhi (Dhundhubhi). A terrible demon, brother of Mayavi.

Durdhara (Dhurdhara). One of the monkeys who wanted to jump over the ocean to get to Lanka.

Durga (Dhurgaa). Goddess of the universe; mother earth; daughter of Himaval and wife of Siva.

durmathi (dhurmathee). Person with perverted, polluted intelligence.

Durvasa (Dhuurvaasa). Son of Athri and Anasuya; known for quick temper and severe curses with an eventually constructive effect of driving home hard lessons of discipline and virtuousness. He granted boons to Kunthi, which resulted in the births of Karna and the Pandavas.

Duryodhana (Dhuryodhana). Chief (and eldest) of the evil-minded sons of Dhritharashtra.

Dushana (Dhuushana). A demon chieftain in Ravana's tribe.

dussanga. Company of the wicked.

Dussasana (Dhusshaasana). Infamous second son of Dhritharashtra and younger brother of Duryodhana.

dwaitha (dhvaitha). Dualism; separation of God and the created universe.

dwaithin (dhvaithin). Dualist, one who believe in dualism or dwaitha.

dwaithopasana (dhvaithopaasana). Path of dualism.

Dwaja (Dhvaja). A monkey general.

dwanda-atheetha (dhvandha-atheetha). Beyond duality or pair of opposites like heat-cold.

dwandwa-bhava (dhvandhva-bhaava). Dual consciousness.

Dwapara-yuga (Dhvaapara yuga). Third in the cycle of four ages. See yuga.

Dwaraka (Dhvaarakaa). Capital of Krishna. After Krishna's death the city was swept over by the sea; researchers believe it was situated in the sea just west of Gujarat.

Dwaraka-vasa (Dhvaarakaa-vasa). Name for Krishna, resident of the city of Dwaraka.

dwesha (dhvesha). Hatred.

dwija (dhvija). Twice born.

dwipa (dhveepa). Island; one of seven divisions of the terrestial world.

Dwivida (Dhvividha). A monkey general in Rama's army.

dyu-loka (dhyu-loka). The heavenly world.

eershya. Envy, wishing others to have one's own grief.

eka-bhakthi. One-pointed devotion.

Ekadasi (Ekaadhashi). Eleventh day of fortnight of lunar month considered sacred for fasting.

ekagratha (ekaagratha). One-pointedness of mind.

Ekalavya. Son of the king of foresters; refused as a student by Drona because he was a labourer.

ekantha-mukthi (ekaantha-mukthi). Absolute liberation.

ekantha-vasam (ekaantha-vaasam). Dwelling in solitude.

Gaadhi. Son of Kusanabha and father of Viswamitra.

Gaana-veda (Ghaana-vedha). Bell Veda, Name for the Sama-veda.

Gaargya. Souryayani, a grandson of Surya and born in the family of Garga.

Gaayas. Indra, Vishnu, Soma, and the Aswins.